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vector.h

/*
 * Vector, VectorView, ConstVectorView classes wrap the gsl vector routines;
 * "views" mimic the semantic of C++ references: any operation performed
 * on a "view" is actually performed on the "viewed object"
 *
 * Authors:
 *          Marco Cecchetti <mrcekets at gmail.com>
 *
 * Copyright 2008  authors
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it either under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation
 * (the "LGPL") or, at your option, under the terms of the Mozilla
 * Public License Version 1.1 (the "MPL"). If you do not alter this
 * notice, a recipient may use your version of this file under either
 * the MPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the LGPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-LGPL-2.1; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
 * You should have received a copy of the MPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-MPL-1.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
 * Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY
 * OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the LGPL or the MPL for
 * the specific language governing rights and limitations.
 */




#ifndef _NL_VECTOR_H_
#define _NL_VECTOR_H_

#include <cassert>
#include <algorithm> // for std::swap
#include <vector>
#include <sstream>
#include <string>


#include <gsl/gsl_vector.h>
#include <gsl/gsl_blas.h>


namespace Geom { namespace NL {

namespace detail
{

class BaseVectorImpl
{
  public:
      double const& operator[](size_t i) const
      {
            return *gsl_vector_const_ptr(m_vector, i);
      }

      const gsl_vector* get_gsl_vector() const
      {
            return m_vector;
      }
      bool is_zero() const
      {
            return gsl_vector_isnull(m_vector);
      }

      bool is_positive() const
      {
          for ( size_t i = 0; i < size(); ++i )
          {
              if ( (*this)[i] <= 0 ) return false;
          }
            return true;
      }

      bool is_negative() const
      {
        for ( size_t i = 0; i < size(); ++i )
        {
            if ( (*this)[i] >= 0 ) return false;
        }
        return true;
      }

      bool is_non_negative() const
      {
            for ( size_t i = 0; i < size(); ++i )
            {
                  if ( (*this)[i] < 0 ) return false;
            }
            return true;
      }

      double max() const
      {
            return gsl_vector_max(m_vector);
      }

      double min() const
      {
            return gsl_vector_min(m_vector);
      }

      size_t max_index() const
      {
            return gsl_vector_max_index(m_vector);
      }

      size_t min_index() const
      {
            return gsl_vector_min_index(m_vector);
      }

      size_t size() const
      {
            return m_size;
      }

      std::string str() const;

      virtual ~BaseVectorImpl()
      {
      }

  protected:
      size_t m_size;
      gsl_vector* m_vector;

};  // end class BaseVectorImpl


inline
bool operator== (BaseVectorImpl const& v1, BaseVectorImpl const& v2)
{
      if (v1.size() != v2.size())   return false;

      for (size_t i = 0; i < v1.size(); ++i)
      {
            if (v1[i] != v2[i])  return false;
      }
      return true;
}

template< class charT >
inline
std::basic_ostream<charT> &
operator<< (std::basic_ostream<charT> & os, const BaseVectorImpl & _vector)
{
      if (_vector.size() == 0 ) return os;
      os << "[" << _vector[0];
      for (unsigned int i = 1; i < _vector.size(); ++i)
      {
            os << ", " << _vector[i];
      }
      os << "]";
      return os;
}

inline
std::string BaseVectorImpl::str() const
{
      std::ostringstream oss;
      oss << (*this);
      return oss.str();
}

inline
double dot(BaseVectorImpl const& v1, BaseVectorImpl const& v2)
{
    double result;
    gsl_blas_ddot(v1.get_gsl_vector(), v2.get_gsl_vector(), &result);
    return result;
}


class VectorImpl : public BaseVectorImpl
{
  public:
      typedef BaseVectorImpl base_type;

  public:
      void set_all(double x)
      {
            gsl_vector_set_all(m_vector, x);
      }

      void set_basis(size_t i)
      {
            gsl_vector_set_basis(m_vector, i);
      }

      using base_type::operator[];

      double & operator[](size_t i)
      {
            return *gsl_vector_ptr(m_vector, i);
      }

      using base_type::get_gsl_vector;

      gsl_vector* get_gsl_vector()
      {
            return m_vector;
      }

      void swap_elements(size_t i, size_t j)
      {
            gsl_vector_swap_elements(m_vector, i, j);
      }

      void reverse()
      {
            gsl_vector_reverse(m_vector);
      }

      VectorImpl & scale(double x)
      {
            gsl_vector_scale(m_vector, x);
            return (*this);
      }

      VectorImpl & translate(double x)
      {
            gsl_vector_add_constant(m_vector, x);
            return (*this);
      }

      VectorImpl & operator+=(base_type const& _vector)
      {
            gsl_vector_add(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
            return (*this);
      }

      VectorImpl & operator-=(base_type const& _vector)
      {
            gsl_vector_sub(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
            return (*this);
      }

};  // end class VectorImpl

}  // end namespace detail


using detail::operator==;
using detail::operator<<;

class Vector : public detail::VectorImpl
{
  public:
      typedef detail::VectorImpl base_type;

  public:
      Vector(size_t n)
      {
            m_size = n;
            m_vector = gsl_vector_alloc(n);
      }

      Vector(size_t n, double x)
      {
            m_size = n;
            m_vector = gsl_vector_alloc(n);
            gsl_vector_set_all(m_vector, x);
      }

      // create a vector with n elements all set to zero
      // but the i-th that is set to 1
      Vector(size_t n, size_t i)
      {
            m_size = n;
            m_vector = gsl_vector_alloc(n);
            gsl_vector_set_basis(m_vector, i);
      }

      Vector(Vector const& _vector)
        : base_type()
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector = gsl_vector_alloc(size());
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.m_vector);
      }

      explicit
      Vector(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector = gsl_vector_alloc(size());
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
      }

      virtual ~Vector()
      {
            gsl_vector_free(m_vector);
      }


      Vector & operator=(Vector const& _vector)
      {
            assert( size() == _vector.size() );
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.m_vector);
            return (*this);
      }

      Vector & operator=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            assert( size() == _vector.size() );
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
            return (*this);
      }

      Vector & scale(double x)
      {
            return static_cast<Vector&>( base_type::scale(x) );
      }

      Vector & translate(double x)
      {
            return static_cast<Vector&>( base_type::translate(x) );
      }

      Vector & operator+=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            return static_cast<Vector&>( base_type::operator+=(_vector) );
      }

      Vector & operator-=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            return static_cast<Vector&>( base_type::operator-=(_vector) );
      }

      friend
      void swap(Vector & v1, Vector & v2);
      friend
      void swap_any(Vector & v1, Vector & v2);

}; // end class Vector


// warning! these operations invalidate any view of the passed vector objects
inline
void swap(Vector & v1, Vector & v2)
{
      assert( v1.size() == v2.size() );
      std::swap(v1.m_vector, v2.m_vector);
}

inline
void swap_any(Vector & v1, Vector & v2)
{
    std::swap(v1.m_vector, v2.m_vector);
    std::swap(v1.m_size, v2.m_size);
}


class ConstVectorView : public detail::BaseVectorImpl
{
  public:
      typedef detail::BaseVectorImpl base_type;

  public:
      ConstVectorView(const base_type & _vector, size_t n, size_t offset = 0)
            : m_vector_view( gsl_vector_const_subvector(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), offset, n) )
      {
            m_size = n;
            m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
      }

      ConstVectorView(const base_type & _vector, size_t n, size_t offset , size_t stride)
            : m_vector_view( gsl_vector_const_subvector_with_stride(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), offset, stride, n) )
      {
            m_size = n;
            m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
      }

    ConstVectorView(const double* _vector, size_t n, size_t offset = 0)
        : m_vector_view( gsl_vector_const_view_array(_vector + offset, n) )
    {
        m_size = n;
        m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
    }

    ConstVectorView(const double* _vector, size_t n, size_t offset, size_t stride)
        : m_vector_view( gsl_vector_const_view_array_with_stride(_vector + offset, stride, n) )
    {
        m_size = n;
        m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
    }

      explicit
      ConstVectorView(gsl_vector_const_view  _gsl_vector_view)
            : m_vector_view(_gsl_vector_view)
      {
            m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
            m_size = m_vector->size;
      }

    explicit
    ConstVectorView(const std::vector<double>&  _vector)
        : m_vector_view( gsl_vector_const_view_array(&(_vector[0]), _vector.size()) )
    {
        m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
        m_size = _vector.size();
    }

      ConstVectorView(const ConstVectorView & _vector)
            : base_type(),
              m_vector_view(_vector.m_vector_view)
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
      }

      ConstVectorView(const base_type & _vector)
            : m_vector_view(gsl_vector_const_subvector(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), 0, _vector.size()))
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector = const_cast<gsl_vector*>( &(m_vector_view.vector) );
      }

  private:
      gsl_vector_const_view m_vector_view;

}; // end class  ConstVectorView




class VectorView : public detail::VectorImpl
{
  public:
      typedef detail::VectorImpl base_type;

  public:
      VectorView(base_type & _vector, size_t n, size_t offset = 0, size_t stride = 1)
      {
            m_size = n;
            if (stride == 1)
            {
                  m_vector_view
                        = gsl_vector_subvector(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), offset, n);
                  m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
            }
            else
            {
                  m_vector_view
                        = gsl_vector_subvector_with_stride(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), offset, stride, n);
                  m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
            }
      }

    VectorView(double* _vector, size_t n, size_t offset = 0, size_t stride = 1)
    {
        m_size = n;
        if (stride == 1)
        {
            m_vector_view
                = gsl_vector_view_array(_vector + offset, n);
            m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
        }
        else
        {
            m_vector_view
                = gsl_vector_view_array_with_stride(_vector + offset, stride, n);
            m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
        }

    }

      VectorView(const VectorView & _vector)
        : base_type()
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector_view = _vector.m_vector_view;
            m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
      }

      VectorView(Vector & _vector)
      {
            m_size = _vector.size();
            m_vector_view = gsl_vector_subvector(_vector.get_gsl_vector(), 0, size());
            m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
      }

      explicit
      VectorView(gsl_vector_view _gsl_vector_view)
            : m_vector_view(_gsl_vector_view)
      {
            m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
            m_size = m_vector->size;
      }

      explicit
      VectorView(std::vector<double> & _vector)
      {
          m_size = _vector.size();
          m_vector_view = gsl_vector_view_array(&(_vector[0]), _vector.size());
          m_vector = &(m_vector_view.vector);
      }

      VectorView & operator=(VectorView const& _vector)
      {
            assert( size() == _vector.size() );
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
            return (*this);
      }

      VectorView & operator=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            assert( size() == _vector.size() );
            gsl_vector_memcpy(m_vector, _vector.get_gsl_vector());
            return (*this);
      }

      VectorView & scale(double x)
      {
            return static_cast<VectorView&>( base_type::scale(x) );
      }

      VectorView & translate(double x)
      {
            return static_cast<VectorView&>( base_type::translate(x) );
      }

      VectorView & operator+=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            return static_cast<VectorView&>( base_type::operator+=(_vector) );
      }

      VectorView & operator-=(base_type::base_type const& _vector)
      {
            return static_cast<VectorView&>( base_type::operator-=(_vector) );
      }

      friend
      void swap_view(VectorView & v1, VectorView & v2);

  private:
      gsl_vector_view m_vector_view;

}; // end class VectorView


inline
void swap_view(VectorView & v1, VectorView & v2)
{
      assert( v1.size() == v2.size() );
      std::swap(v1.m_vector_view, v2.m_vector_view); // not swap m_vector too
}


} } // end namespaces


#endif /*_NL_VECTOR_H_*/

/*
  Local Variables:
  mode:c++
  c-file-style:"stroustrup"
  c-file-offsets:((innamespace . 0)(inline-open . 0)(case-label . +))
  indent-tabs-mode:nil
  fill-column:99
  End:
*/
// vim: filetype=cpp:expandtab:shiftwidth=4:tabstop=8:softtabstop=4:encoding=utf-8:textwidth=99 :

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