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cairo-render-context.cpp

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#define __SP_CAIRO_RENDER_CONTEXT_C__

/** \file
 * Rendering with Cairo.
 */
/*
 * Author:
 *   Miklos Erdelyi <erdelyim@gmail.com>
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Miklos Erdelyi
 *
 * Licensed under GNU GPL
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
#endif

#ifndef PANGO_ENABLE_BACKEND
#define PANGO_ENABLE_BACKEND
#endif

#ifndef PANGO_ENABLE_ENGINE
#define PANGO_ENABLE_ENGINE
#endif


#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <2geom/pathvector.h>

#include <glib/gmem.h>

#include <glibmm/i18n.h>
#include "display/nr-arena.h"
#include "display/nr-arena-item.h"
#include "display/nr-arena-group.h"
#include "display/curve.h"
#include "display/canvas-bpath.h"
#include "display/inkscape-cairo.h"
#include "sp-item.h"
#include "sp-item-group.h"
#include "style.h"
#include "sp-linear-gradient.h"
#include "sp-radial-gradient.h"
#include "sp-pattern.h"
#include "sp-mask.h"
#include "sp-clippath.h"
#ifdef WIN32
#include "libnrtype/FontFactory.h" // USE_PANGO_WIN32
#endif

#include <unit-constants.h>

#include "cairo-render-context.h"
#include "cairo-renderer.h"
#include "extension/system.h"

#include "io/sys.h"

#include <cairo.h>

// include support for only the compiled-in surface types
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PDF_SURFACE
#include <cairo-pdf.h>
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PS_SURFACE
#include <cairo-ps.h>
#endif


#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_FT_FONT
#include <cairo-ft.h>
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_WIN32_FONT
#include <cairo-win32.h>
#include <pango/pangowin32.h>
#endif

#include <pango/pangofc-fontmap.h>

//#define TRACE(_args) g_printf _args
#define TRACE(_args)
//#define TEST(_args) _args
#define TEST(_args)

// FIXME: expose these from sp-clippath/mask.cpp
struct SPClipPathView {
    SPClipPathView *next;
    unsigned int key;
    NRArenaItem *arenaitem;
    NRRect bbox;
};

struct SPMaskView {
    SPMaskView *next;
    unsigned int key;
    NRArenaItem *arenaitem;
    NRRect bbox;
};

namespace Inkscape {
namespace Extension {
namespace Internal {

static cairo_status_t _write_callback(void *closure, const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length);

CairoRenderContext::CairoRenderContext(CairoRenderer *parent) :
    _dpi(72),
    _pdf_level(0),
    _ps_level(1),
    _eps(false),
    _is_texttopath(FALSE),
    _is_filtertobitmap(FALSE),
    _bitmapresolution(72),
    _stream(NULL),
    _is_valid(FALSE),
    _vector_based_target(FALSE),
    _cr(NULL), // Cairo context
    _surface(NULL),
    _target(CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_IMAGE),
    _target_format(CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32),
    _layout(NULL),
    _state(NULL),
    _renderer(parent),
    _render_mode(RENDER_MODE_NORMAL),
    _clip_mode(CLIP_MODE_MASK)
{
    font_table = g_hash_table_new_full(g_direct_hash, g_direct_equal, NULL, font_data_free);
}

CairoRenderContext::~CairoRenderContext(void)
{
    if(font_table != NULL) {
        g_hash_table_remove_all(font_table);
    }

    if (_cr) cairo_destroy(_cr);
    if (_surface) cairo_surface_destroy(_surface);
    if (_layout) g_object_unref(_layout);
}
void CairoRenderContext::font_data_free(gpointer data)
{
    cairo_font_face_t *font_face = (cairo_font_face_t *)data;
    if (font_face) {
        cairo_font_face_destroy(font_face);
    }
}

CairoRenderer*
CairoRenderContext::getRenderer(void) const
{
    return _renderer;
}

CairoRenderState*
CairoRenderContext::getCurrentState(void) const
{
    return _state;
}

CairoRenderState*
CairoRenderContext::getParentState(void) const
{
    // if this is the root node just return it
    if (g_slist_length(_state_stack) == 1) {
        return _state;
    } else {
        return (CairoRenderState *)g_slist_nth_data(_state_stack, 1);
    }
}

void
CairoRenderContext::setStateForStyle(SPStyle const *style)
{
    // only opacity & overflow is stored for now
    _state->opacity = SP_SCALE24_TO_FLOAT(style->opacity.value);
    _state->has_overflow = (style->overflow.set && style->overflow.value != SP_CSS_OVERFLOW_VISIBLE);
    _state->has_filtereffect = (style->filter.set != 0) ? TRUE : FALSE;

    if (style->fill.isPaintserver() || style->stroke.isPaintserver())
        _state->merge_opacity = FALSE;

    // disable rendering of opacity if there's a stroke on the fill
    if (_state->merge_opacity
        && !style->fill.isNone()
        && !style->stroke.isNone())
        _state->merge_opacity = FALSE;
}

/**
 * \brief Creates a new render context which will be compatible with the given context's Cairo surface
 *
 * \param width     width of the surface to be created
 * \param height    height of the surface to be created
 */
CairoRenderContext*
CairoRenderContext::cloneMe(double width, double height) const
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );
    g_assert( width > 0.0 && height > 0.0 );

    CairoRenderContext *new_context = _renderer->createContext();
    cairo_surface_t *surface = cairo_surface_create_similar(cairo_get_target(_cr), CAIRO_CONTENT_COLOR_ALPHA,
                                                            (int)ceil(width), (int)ceil(height));
    new_context->_cr = cairo_create(surface);
    new_context->_surface = surface;
    new_context->_width = width;
    new_context->_height = height;
    new_context->_is_valid = TRUE;

    return new_context;
}

CairoRenderContext*
CairoRenderContext::cloneMe(void) const
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    return cloneMe(_width, _height);
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::setImageTarget(cairo_format_t format)
{
    // format cannot be set on an already initialized surface
    if (_is_valid)
        return false;

    switch (format) {
        case CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32:
        case CAIRO_FORMAT_RGB24:
        case CAIRO_FORMAT_A8:
        case CAIRO_FORMAT_A1:
            _target_format = format;
            _target = CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_IMAGE;
            return true;
            break;
        default:
            break;
    }

    return false;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::setPdfTarget(gchar const *utf8_fn)
{
#ifndef CAIRO_HAS_PDF_SURFACE
    return false;
#else
    _target = CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PDF;
    _vector_based_target = TRUE;
#endif

    FILE *osf = NULL;
    FILE *osp = NULL;

    gsize bytesRead = 0;
    gsize bytesWritten = 0;
    GError *error = NULL;
    gchar *local_fn = g_filename_from_utf8(utf8_fn,
                                           -1,  &bytesRead,  &bytesWritten, &error);
    gchar const *fn = local_fn;

    /* TODO: Replace the below fprintf's with something that does the right thing whether in
    * gui or batch mode (e.g. --print=blah).  Consider throwing an exception: currently one of
    * the callers (sp_print_document_to_file, "ret = mod->begin(doc)") wrongly ignores the
    * return code.
    */
    if (fn != NULL) {
        if (*fn == '|') {
            fn += 1;
            while (isspace(*fn)) fn += 1;
#ifndef WIN32
            osp = popen(fn, "w");
#else
            osp = _popen(fn, "w");
#endif
            if (!osp) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: popen(%s): %s\n",
                        fn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            _stream = osp;
        } else if (*fn == '>') {
            fn += 1;
            while (isspace(*fn)) fn += 1;
            Inkscape::IO::dump_fopen_call(fn, "K");
            osf = Inkscape::IO::fopen_utf8name(fn, "w+");
            if (!osf) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: fopen(%s): %s\n",
                        fn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            _stream = osf;
        } else {
            /* put cwd stuff in here */
            gchar *qn = ( *fn
                    ? g_strdup_printf("lpr -P %s", fn)  /* FIXME: quote fn */
                : g_strdup("lpr") );
#ifndef WIN32
            osp = popen(qn, "w");
#else
            osp = _popen(qn, "w");
#endif
            if (!osp) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: popen(%s): %s\n",
                        qn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            g_free(qn);
            _stream = osp;
        }
    }

    g_free(local_fn);

    if (_stream) {
        /* fixme: this is kinda icky */
#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(__WIN32__)
        (void) signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
#endif
    }

    return true;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::setPsTarget(gchar const *utf8_fn)
{
#ifndef CAIRO_HAS_PS_SURFACE
    return false;
#else
    _target = CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PS;
    _vector_based_target = TRUE;
#endif

    FILE *osf = NULL;
    FILE *osp = NULL;

    gsize bytesRead = 0;
    gsize bytesWritten = 0;
    GError *error = NULL;
    gchar *local_fn = g_filename_from_utf8(utf8_fn,
                                           -1,  &bytesRead,  &bytesWritten, &error);
    gchar const *fn = local_fn;

    /* TODO: Replace the below fprintf's with something that does the right thing whether in
    * gui or batch mode (e.g. --print=blah).  Consider throwing an exception: currently one of
    * the callers (sp_print_document_to_file, "ret = mod->begin(doc)") wrongly ignores the
    * return code.
    */
    if (fn != NULL) {
        if (*fn == '|') {
            fn += 1;
            while (isspace(*fn)) fn += 1;
#ifndef WIN32
            osp = popen(fn, "w");
#else
            osp = _popen(fn, "w");
#endif
            if (!osp) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: popen(%s): %s\n",
                        fn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            _stream = osp;
        } else if (*fn == '>') {
            fn += 1;
            while (isspace(*fn)) fn += 1;
            Inkscape::IO::dump_fopen_call(fn, "K");
            osf = Inkscape::IO::fopen_utf8name(fn, "w+");
            if (!osf) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: fopen(%s): %s\n",
                        fn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            _stream = osf;
        } else {
            /* put cwd stuff in here */
            gchar *qn = ( *fn
                    ? g_strdup_printf("lpr -P %s", fn)  /* FIXME: quote fn */
                : g_strdup("lpr") );
#ifndef WIN32
            osp = popen(qn, "w");
#else
            osp = _popen(qn, "w");
#endif
            if (!osp) {
                fprintf(stderr, "inkscape: popen(%s): %s\n",
                        qn, strerror(errno));
                return false;
            }
            g_free(qn);
            _stream = osp;
        }
    }

    g_free(local_fn);

    if (_stream) {
        /* fixme: this is kinda icky */
#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(__WIN32__)
        (void) signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
#endif
    }

    return true;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setPSLevel(unsigned int level)
{
    _ps_level = level;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setEPS(bool eps)
{
    _eps = eps;
}

unsigned int CairoRenderContext::getPSLevel(void)
{
    return _ps_level;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setPDFLevel(unsigned int level)
{
    _pdf_level = level;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setTextToPath(bool texttopath)
{
    _is_texttopath = texttopath;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setFilterToBitmap(bool filtertobitmap)
{
    _is_filtertobitmap = filtertobitmap;
}

bool CairoRenderContext::getFilterToBitmap(void)
{
    return _is_filtertobitmap;
}

void CairoRenderContext::setBitmapResolution(int resolution)
{
    _bitmapresolution = resolution;
}

int CairoRenderContext::getBitmapResolution(void)
{
    return _bitmapresolution;
}

cairo_surface_t*
CairoRenderContext::getSurface(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    return _surface;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::saveAsPng(const char *file_name)
{
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_surface_write_to_png(_surface, file_name);
    if (status)
        return false;
    else
        return true;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::setRenderMode(CairoRenderMode mode)
{
    switch (mode) {
        case RENDER_MODE_NORMAL:
        case RENDER_MODE_CLIP:
            _render_mode = mode;
            break;
        default:
            _render_mode = RENDER_MODE_NORMAL;
            break;
    }
}

CairoRenderContext::CairoRenderMode
CairoRenderContext::getRenderMode(void) const
{
    return _render_mode;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::setClipMode(CairoClipMode mode)
{
    switch (mode) {
        case CLIP_MODE_PATH: // Clip is rendered as a path for vector output
        case CLIP_MODE_MASK: // Clip is rendered as a bitmap for raster output.
            _clip_mode = mode;
            break;
        default:
            _clip_mode = CLIP_MODE_PATH;
            break;
    }
}

CairoRenderContext::CairoClipMode
CairoRenderContext::getClipMode(void) const
{
    return _clip_mode;
}

CairoRenderState*
CairoRenderContext::_createState(void)
{
    CairoRenderState *state = (CairoRenderState*)g_malloc(sizeof(CairoRenderState));
    g_assert( state != NULL );

    state->has_filtereffect = FALSE;
    state->merge_opacity = TRUE;
    state->opacity = 1.0;
    state->need_layer = FALSE;
    state->has_overflow = FALSE;
    state->parent_has_userspace = FALSE;
    state->clip_path = NULL;
    state->mask = NULL;

    return state;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::pushLayer(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    TRACE(("--pushLayer\n"));
    cairo_push_group(_cr);

    // clear buffer
    if (!_vector_based_target) {
        cairo_save(_cr);
        cairo_set_operator(_cr, CAIRO_OPERATOR_CLEAR);
        cairo_paint(_cr);
        cairo_restore(_cr);
    }
}

void
CairoRenderContext::popLayer(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    float opacity = _state->opacity;
    TRACE(("--popLayer w/ opacity %f\n", opacity));

    /*
     At this point, the Cairo source is ready. A Cairo mask must be created if required.
     Care must be taken of transformatons as Cairo, like PS and PDF, treats clip paths and
     masks independently of the objects they effect while in SVG the clip paths and masks
     are defined relative to the objects they are attached to.
     Notes:
     1. An SVG object may have both a clip path and a mask!
     2. An SVG clip path can be composed of an object with a clip path. This is not handled properly.
     3. An SVG clipped or masked object may be first drawn off the page and then translated onto
        the page (document). This is also not handled properly.
     4. The code converts all SVG masks to bitmaps. This shouldn't be necessary.
     5. Cairo expects a mask to use only the alpha channel. SVG masks combine the RGB luminance with
        alpha. This is handled here by doing a pixel by pixel conversion.
    */

    SPClipPath *clip_path = _state->clip_path;
    SPMask *mask = _state->mask;
    if (clip_path || mask) {

        CairoRenderContext *clip_ctx = 0;
        cairo_surface_t *clip_mask = 0;

        // Apply any clip path first
        if (clip_path) {
            TRACE(("  Applying clip\n"));
            if (_render_mode == RENDER_MODE_CLIP)
                mask = NULL;    // disable mask when performing nested clipping

            if (_vector_based_target) {
                setClipMode(CLIP_MODE_PATH); // Vector
                if (!mask) {
                    cairo_pop_group_to_source(_cr);
                    _renderer->applyClipPath(this, clip_path); // Uses cairo_clip()
                    if (opacity == 1.0)
                        cairo_paint(_cr);
                    else
                        cairo_paint_with_alpha(_cr, opacity);

                } else {
                    // the clipPath will be applied before masking
                }
            } else {

                // setup a new rendering context
                clip_ctx = _renderer->createContext();
                clip_ctx->setImageTarget(CAIRO_FORMAT_A8);
                clip_ctx->setClipMode(CLIP_MODE_MASK);  // Raster
                // This code ties the clipping to the document coordinates. It doesn't allow
                // for a clipped object intially drawn off the page and then translated onto
                // the page.
                if (!clip_ctx->setupSurface(_width, _height)) {
                    TRACE(("clip: setupSurface failed\n"));
                    _renderer->destroyContext(clip_ctx);
                    return;
                }

                // clear buffer
                cairo_save(clip_ctx->_cr);
                cairo_set_operator(clip_ctx->_cr, CAIRO_OPERATOR_CLEAR);
                cairo_paint(clip_ctx->_cr);
                cairo_restore(clip_ctx->_cr);

                // If a mask won't be applied set opacity too. (The clip is represented by a solid Cairo mask.)
                if (!mask)
                    cairo_set_source_rgba(clip_ctx->_cr, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, opacity);
                else
                    cairo_set_source_rgba(clip_ctx->_cr, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0);

                // copy over the correct CTM
                // It must be stored in item_transform of current state after pushState.
                Geom::Matrix item_transform;
                if (_state->parent_has_userspace)
                    item_transform = getParentState()->transform * _state->item_transform;
                else
                    item_transform = _state->item_transform;

                // apply the clip path
                clip_ctx->pushState();
                clip_ctx->getCurrentState()->item_transform = item_transform;
                _renderer->applyClipPath(clip_ctx, clip_path);
                clip_ctx->popState();

                clip_mask = clip_ctx->getSurface();
                TEST(clip_ctx->saveAsPng("clip_mask.png"));

                if (!mask) {
                    cairo_pop_group_to_source(_cr);
                    cairo_mask_surface(_cr, clip_mask, 0, 0);
                    _renderer->destroyContext(clip_ctx);
                }
            }
        }

        // Apply any mask second
        if (mask) {
            TRACE(("  Applying mask\n"));
            // create rendering context for mask
            CairoRenderContext *mask_ctx = _renderer->createContext();

            // Fix Me: This is a kludge. PDF and PS output is set to 72 dpi but the
            // Cairo surface is expecting the mask to be 90 dpi.
            float surface_width = _width;
            float surface_height = _height;
            if( _vector_based_target ) {
                surface_width *= 1.25;
                surface_height *= 1.25;
            }
            mask_ctx->setupSurface( surface_width, surface_height );
            TRACE(("mask surface: %f x %f at %i dpi\n", surface_width, surface_height, _dpi ));

            // set rendering mode to normal
            setRenderMode(RENDER_MODE_NORMAL);

            // copy the correct CTM to mask context
            /*
            if (_state->parent_has_userspace)
                mask_ctx->setTransform(&getParentState()->transform);
            else
                mask_ctx->setTransform(&_state->transform);
            */
            // This is probably not correct... but it seems to do the trick.
            mask_ctx->setTransform(&_state->item_transform);

            // render mask contents to mask_ctx
            _renderer->applyMask(mask_ctx, mask);

            TEST(mask_ctx->saveAsPng("mask.png"));

            // composite with clip mask
            if (clip_path && _clip_mode == CLIP_MODE_MASK) {
                cairo_mask_surface(mask_ctx->_cr, clip_mask, 0, 0);
                _renderer->destroyContext(clip_ctx);
            }

            cairo_surface_t *mask_image = mask_ctx->getSurface();
            int width = cairo_image_surface_get_width(mask_image);
            int height = cairo_image_surface_get_height(mask_image);
            int stride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride(mask_image);
            unsigned char *pixels = cairo_image_surface_get_data(mask_image);

            // premultiply with opacity
            // In SVG, the rgb channels as well as the alpha channel is used in masking.
            // In Cairo, only the alpha channel is used thus requiring this conversion.
            TRACE(("premul w/ %f\n", opacity));
            guint8 int_opacity = (guint8)(255 * opacity);
            for (int row = 0 ; row < height; row++) {
                unsigned char *row_data = pixels + (row * stride);
                for (int i = 0 ; i < width; i++) {
                    guint32 *pixel = (guint32 *)row_data + i;
                    *pixel = ((((*pixel & 0x00ff0000) >> 16) * 13817 +
                               ((*pixel & 0x0000ff00) >>  8) * 46518 +
                               ((*pixel & 0x000000ff)      ) * 4688) *
                              int_opacity);
                }
            }

            cairo_pop_group_to_source(_cr);
            if (_clip_mode == CLIP_MODE_PATH) {
                // we have to do the clipping after cairo_pop_group_to_source
                _renderer->applyClipPath(this, clip_path);
            }
            // apply the mask onto the layer
            cairo_mask_surface(_cr, mask_image, 0, 0);
            _renderer->destroyContext(mask_ctx);
        }
    } else {
        // No clip path or mask
        cairo_pop_group_to_source(_cr);
        if (opacity == 1.0)
            cairo_paint(_cr);
        else
            cairo_paint_with_alpha(_cr, opacity);
    }
}

void
CairoRenderContext::addClipPath(Geom::PathVector const &pv, SPIEnum const *fill_rule)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    // here it should be checked whether the current clip winding changed
    // so we could switch back to masked clipping
    if (fill_rule->value == SP_WIND_RULE_EVENODD) {
        cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
    } else {
        cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
    }
    addPathVector(pv);
}

void
CairoRenderContext::addClippingRect(double x, double y, double width, double height)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_rectangle(_cr, x, y, width, height);
    cairo_clip(_cr);
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::setupSurface(double width, double height)
{
    // Is the surface already set up?
    if (_is_valid)
        return true;

    if (_vector_based_target && _stream == NULL)
        return false;

    _width = width;
    _height = height;

    cairo_surface_t *surface = NULL;
    cairo_matrix_t ctm;
    cairo_matrix_init_identity (&ctm);
    switch (_target) {
        case CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_IMAGE:
            surface = cairo_image_surface_create(_target_format, (int)ceil(width), (int)ceil(height));
            break;
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PDF_SURFACE
        case CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PDF:
            surface = cairo_pdf_surface_create_for_stream(Inkscape::Extension::Internal::_write_callback, _stream, width, height);
            break;
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PS_SURFACE
        case CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PS:
            surface = cairo_ps_surface_create_for_stream(Inkscape::Extension::Internal::_write_callback, _stream, width, height);
            if(CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS != cairo_surface_status(surface)) {
                return FALSE;
            }
#if (CAIRO_VERSION >= CAIRO_VERSION_ENCODE(1, 5, 2))
            cairo_ps_surface_restrict_to_level (surface, (cairo_ps_level_t)_ps_level);
            cairo_ps_surface_set_eps (surface, (cairo_bool_t) _eps);
#endif
            break;
#endif
        default:
            return false;
            break;
    }

    return _finishSurfaceSetup (surface, &ctm);
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::setSurfaceTarget(cairo_surface_t *surface, bool is_vector, cairo_matrix_t *ctm)
{
    if (_is_valid || !surface)
        return false;

    _vector_based_target = is_vector;
    bool ret = _finishSurfaceSetup (surface, ctm);
    if (ret)
        cairo_surface_reference (surface);
    return ret;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::_finishSurfaceSetup(cairo_surface_t *surface, cairo_matrix_t *ctm)
{
    if(surface == NULL) {
        return false;
    }
    if(CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS != cairo_surface_status(surface)) {
        return false;
    }

    _cr = cairo_create(surface);
    if(CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS != cairo_status(_cr)) {
        return false;
    }
    if (ctm)
        cairo_set_matrix(_cr, ctm);
    _surface = surface;

    if (_vector_based_target) {
        cairo_scale(_cr, PT_PER_PX, PT_PER_PX);
    } else if (cairo_surface_get_content(_surface) != CAIRO_CONTENT_ALPHA) {
        // set background color on non-alpha surfaces
        // TODO: bgcolor should be derived from SPDocument
        cairo_set_source_rgb(_cr, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0);
        cairo_rectangle(_cr, 0, 0, _width, _height);
        cairo_fill(_cr);
    }

    _is_valid = TRUE;

    return true;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::finish(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    if (_vector_based_target)
        cairo_show_page(_cr);

    cairo_destroy(_cr);
    cairo_surface_finish(_surface);
    cairo_status_t status = cairo_surface_status(_surface);
    cairo_surface_destroy(_surface);
    _cr = NULL;
    _surface = NULL;

    if (_layout)
        g_object_unref(_layout);

    _is_valid = FALSE;

    if (_vector_based_target && _stream) {
        /* Flush stream to be sure. */
        (void) fflush(_stream);

        fclose(_stream);
        _stream = NULL;
    }

    if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)
        return true;
    else
        return false;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::transform(Geom::Matrix const *transform)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_matrix_t matrix;
    _initCairoMatrix(&matrix, transform);
    cairo_transform(_cr, &matrix);

    // store new CTM
    getTransform(&_state->transform);
}

void
CairoRenderContext::setTransform(Geom::Matrix const *transform)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_matrix_t matrix;
    _initCairoMatrix(&matrix, transform);
    cairo_set_matrix(_cr, &matrix);
    _state->transform = *transform;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::getTransform(Geom::Matrix *copy) const
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_matrix_t ctm;
    cairo_get_matrix(_cr, &ctm);
    (*copy)[0] = ctm.xx;
    (*copy)[1] = ctm.yx;
    (*copy)[2] = ctm.xy;
    (*copy)[3] = ctm.yy;
    (*copy)[4] = ctm.x0;
    (*copy)[5] = ctm.y0;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::getParentTransform(Geom::Matrix *copy) const
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    CairoRenderState *parent_state = getParentState();
    memcpy(copy, &parent_state->transform, sizeof(Geom::Matrix));
}

void
CairoRenderContext::pushState(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_save(_cr);

    CairoRenderState *new_state = _createState();
    // copy current state's transform
    new_state->transform = _state->transform;
    _state_stack = g_slist_prepend(_state_stack, new_state);
    _state = new_state;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::popState(void)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    cairo_restore(_cr);

    g_free(_state_stack->data);
    _state_stack = g_slist_remove_link(_state_stack, _state_stack);
    _state = (CairoRenderState*)_state_stack->data;

    g_assert( g_slist_length(_state_stack) > 0 );
}

static bool pattern_hasItemChildren (SPPattern *pat)
{
    for (SPObject *child = sp_object_first_child(SP_OBJECT(pat)) ; child != NULL; child = SP_OBJECT_NEXT(child) ) {
        if (SP_IS_ITEM (child)) {
            return true;
        }
    }
    return false;
}

cairo_pattern_t*
CairoRenderContext::_createPatternPainter(SPPaintServer const *const paintserver, NRRect const *pbox)
{
    g_assert( SP_IS_PATTERN(paintserver) );

    SPPattern *pat = SP_PATTERN (paintserver);

    Geom::Matrix ps2user, pcs2dev;
    ps2user = Geom::identity();
    pcs2dev = Geom::identity();

    double x = pattern_x(pat);
    double y = pattern_y(pat);
    double width = pattern_width(pat);
    double height = pattern_height(pat);
    double bbox_width_scaler;
    double bbox_height_scaler;

    TRACE(("%f x %f pattern\n", width, height));

    if (pbox && pattern_patternUnits(pat) == SP_PATTERN_UNITS_OBJECTBOUNDINGBOX) {
        //Geom::Matrix bbox2user (pbox->x1 - pbox->x0, 0.0, 0.0, pbox->y1 - pbox->y0, pbox->x0, pbox->y0);
        bbox_width_scaler = pbox->x1 - pbox->x0;
        bbox_height_scaler = pbox->y1 - pbox->y0;
        ps2user[4] = x * bbox_width_scaler + pbox->x0;
        ps2user[5] = y * bbox_height_scaler + pbox->y0;
    } else {
        bbox_width_scaler = 1.0;
        bbox_height_scaler = 1.0;
        ps2user[4] = x;
        ps2user[5] = y;
    }

    // apply pattern transformation
    Geom::Matrix pattern_transform(pattern_patternTransform(pat));
    ps2user *= pattern_transform;
    Geom::Point ori (ps2user[4], ps2user[5]);

    // create pattern contents coordinate system
    if (pat->viewBox_set) {
        NRRect *view_box = pattern_viewBox(pat);

        double x, y, w, h;
        double view_width, view_height;
        x = 0;
        y = 0;
        w = width * bbox_width_scaler;
        h = height * bbox_height_scaler;

        view_width = view_box->x1 - view_box->x0;
        view_height = view_box->y1 - view_box->y0;

        //calculatePreserveAspectRatio(pat->aspect_align, pat->aspect_clip, view_width, view_height, &x, &y, &w, &h);
        pcs2dev[0] = w / view_width;
        pcs2dev[3] = h / view_height;
        pcs2dev[4] = x - view_box->x0 * pcs2dev[0];
        pcs2dev[5] = y - view_box->y0 * pcs2dev[3];
    } else if (pbox && pattern_patternContentUnits(pat) == SP_PATTERN_UNITS_OBJECTBOUNDINGBOX) {
        pcs2dev[0] = pbox->x1 - pbox->x0;
        pcs2dev[3] = pbox->y1 - pbox->y0;

    }

    // Calculate the size of the surface which has to be created
#define SUBPIX_SCALE 100
    // Cairo requires an integer pattern surface width/height.
    // Subtract 0.5 to prevent small rounding errors from increasing pattern size by one pixel.
    // Multiply by SUBPIX_SCALE to allow for less than a pixel precision
    double surface_width = MAX(ceil(SUBPIX_SCALE * bbox_width_scaler * width - 0.5), 1);
    double surface_height = MAX(ceil(SUBPIX_SCALE * bbox_height_scaler * height - 0.5), 1);
    TRACE(("pattern surface size: %f x %f\n", surface_width, surface_height));
    // create new rendering context
    CairoRenderContext *pattern_ctx = cloneMe(surface_width, surface_height);

    // adjust the size of the painted pattern to fit exactly the created surface
    // this has to be done because of the rounding to obtain an integer pattern surface width/height
    double scale_width = surface_width / (bbox_width_scaler * width);
    double scale_height = surface_height / (bbox_height_scaler * height);
    if (scale_width != 1.0 || scale_height != 1.0 || _vector_based_target) {
        TRACE(("needed to scale with %f %f\n", scale_width, scale_height));
        pcs2dev *= Geom::Scale(SUBPIX_SCALE,SUBPIX_SCALE);
        ps2user *= Geom::Scale(1.0/SUBPIX_SCALE,1.0/SUBPIX_SCALE);
    }

    // despite scaling up/down by subpixel scaler, the origin point of the pattern must be the same
    ps2user[4] = ori[Geom::X];
    ps2user[5] = ori[Geom::Y];

    pattern_ctx->setTransform(&pcs2dev);
    pattern_ctx->pushState();

    // create arena and group
    NRArena *arena = NRArena::create();
    unsigned dkey = sp_item_display_key_new(1);

    // show items and render them
    for (SPPattern *pat_i = pat; pat_i != NULL; pat_i = pat_i->ref ? pat_i->ref->getObject() : NULL) {
        if (pat_i && SP_IS_OBJECT (pat_i) && pattern_hasItemChildren(pat_i)) { // find the first one with item children
            for (SPObject *child = sp_object_first_child(SP_OBJECT(pat_i)) ; child != NULL; child = SP_OBJECT_NEXT(child) ) {
                if (SP_IS_ITEM (child)) {
                    sp_item_invoke_show (SP_ITEM (child), arena, dkey, SP_ITEM_REFERENCE_FLAGS);
                    _renderer->renderItem(pattern_ctx, SP_ITEM (child));
                }
            }
            break; // do not go further up the chain if children are found
        }
    }

    pattern_ctx->popState();

    // setup a cairo_pattern_t
    cairo_surface_t *pattern_surface = pattern_ctx->getSurface();
    TEST(pattern_ctx->saveAsPng("pattern.png"));
    cairo_pattern_t *result = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface(pattern_surface);
    cairo_pattern_set_extend(result, CAIRO_EXTEND_REPEAT);

    // set pattern transformation
    cairo_matrix_t pattern_matrix;
    _initCairoMatrix(&pattern_matrix, &ps2user);
    cairo_matrix_invert(&pattern_matrix);
    cairo_pattern_set_matrix(result, &pattern_matrix);

    delete pattern_ctx;

    // hide all items
    for (SPPattern *pat_i = pat; pat_i != NULL; pat_i = pat_i->ref ? pat_i->ref->getObject() : NULL) {
        if (pat_i && SP_IS_OBJECT (pat_i) && pattern_hasItemChildren(pat_i)) { // find the first one with item children
            for (SPObject *child = sp_object_first_child(SP_OBJECT(pat_i)) ; child != NULL; child = SP_OBJECT_NEXT(child) ) {
                if (SP_IS_ITEM (child)) {
                    sp_item_invoke_hide (SP_ITEM (child), dkey);
                }
            }
            break; // do not go further up the chain if children are found
        }
    }

    return result;
}

cairo_pattern_t*
CairoRenderContext::_createPatternForPaintServer(SPPaintServer const *const paintserver,
                                                 NRRect const *pbox, float alpha)
{
    cairo_pattern_t *pattern = NULL;
    bool apply_bbox2user = FALSE;

    if (SP_IS_LINEARGRADIENT (paintserver)) {

            SPLinearGradient *lg=SP_LINEARGRADIENT(paintserver);

            sp_gradient_ensure_vector(SP_GRADIENT(lg)); // when exporting from commandline, vector is not built

            Geom::Point p1 (lg->x1.computed, lg->y1.computed);
            Geom::Point p2 (lg->x2.computed, lg->y2.computed);
            if (pbox && SP_GRADIENT(lg)->units == SP_GRADIENT_UNITS_OBJECTBOUNDINGBOX) {
                // convert to userspace
                Geom::Matrix bbox2user(pbox->x1 - pbox->x0, 0, 0, pbox->y1 - pbox->y0, pbox->x0, pbox->y0);
                p1 *= bbox2user;
                p2 *= bbox2user;
            }

            // create linear gradient pattern
            pattern = cairo_pattern_create_linear(p1[Geom::X], p1[Geom::Y], p2[Geom::X], p2[Geom::Y]);

            // add stops
            for (gint i = 0; unsigned(i) < lg->vector.stops.size(); i++) {
                float rgb[3];
                sp_color_get_rgb_floatv(&lg->vector.stops[i].color, rgb);
                cairo_pattern_add_color_stop_rgba(pattern, lg->vector.stops[i].offset, rgb[0], rgb[1], rgb[2], lg->vector.stops[i].opacity * alpha);
            }
    } else if (SP_IS_RADIALGRADIENT (paintserver)) {

        SPRadialGradient *rg=SP_RADIALGRADIENT(paintserver);

        sp_gradient_ensure_vector(SP_GRADIENT(rg)); // when exporting from commandline, vector is not built

        Geom::Point c (rg->cx.computed, rg->cy.computed);
        Geom::Point f (rg->fx.computed, rg->fy.computed);
        double r = rg->r.computed;
        if (pbox && SP_GRADIENT(rg)->units == SP_GRADIENT_UNITS_OBJECTBOUNDINGBOX)
            apply_bbox2user = true;

        // create radial gradient pattern
        pattern = cairo_pattern_create_radial(f[Geom::X], f[Geom::Y], 0, c[Geom::X], c[Geom::Y], r);

        // add stops
        for (gint i = 0; unsigned(i) < rg->vector.stops.size(); i++) {
            float rgb[3];
            sp_color_get_rgb_floatv(&rg->vector.stops[i].color, rgb);
            cairo_pattern_add_color_stop_rgba(pattern, rg->vector.stops[i].offset, rgb[0], rgb[1], rgb[2], rg->vector.stops[i].opacity * alpha);
        }
    } else if (SP_IS_PATTERN (paintserver)) {

        pattern = _createPatternPainter(paintserver, pbox);
    } else {
        return NULL;
    }

    if (pattern && SP_IS_GRADIENT (paintserver)) {
        SPGradient *g = SP_GRADIENT(paintserver);

        // set extend type
        SPGradientSpread spread = sp_gradient_get_spread(g);
        switch (spread) {
            case SP_GRADIENT_SPREAD_REPEAT: {
                cairo_pattern_set_extend(pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_REPEAT);
                break;
            }
            case SP_GRADIENT_SPREAD_REFLECT: {      // not supported by cairo-pdf yet
                cairo_pattern_set_extend(pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_REFLECT);
                break;
            }
            case SP_GRADIENT_SPREAD_PAD: {    // not supported by cairo-pdf yet
                cairo_pattern_set_extend(pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_PAD);
                break;
            }
            default: {
                cairo_pattern_set_extend(pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_NONE);
                break;
            }
        }

        cairo_matrix_t pattern_matrix;
        if (g->gradientTransform_set) {
            // apply gradient transformation
            cairo_matrix_init(&pattern_matrix,
                g->gradientTransform[0], g->gradientTransform[1],
                g->gradientTransform[2], g->gradientTransform[3],
                g->gradientTransform[4], g->gradientTransform[5]);
        } else {
            cairo_matrix_init_identity (&pattern_matrix);
        }

        if (apply_bbox2user) {
            // convert to userspace
            cairo_matrix_t bbox2user;
            cairo_matrix_init (&bbox2user, pbox->x1 - pbox->x0, 0, 0, pbox->y1 - pbox->y0, pbox->x0, pbox->y0);
            cairo_matrix_multiply (&pattern_matrix, &bbox2user, &pattern_matrix);
        }
        cairo_matrix_invert(&pattern_matrix);   // because Cairo expects a userspace->patternspace matrix
        cairo_pattern_set_matrix(pattern, &pattern_matrix);
    }

    return pattern;
}

void
CairoRenderContext::_setFillStyle(SPStyle const *const style, NRRect const *pbox)
{
    g_return_if_fail( !style->fill.set
                      || style->fill.isColor()
                      || style->fill.isPaintserver() );

    float alpha = SP_SCALE24_TO_FLOAT(style->fill_opacity.value);
    if (_state->merge_opacity) {
        alpha *= _state->opacity;
        TRACE(("merged op=%f\n", alpha));
    }

    if (style->fill.isColor()) {
        float rgb[3];
        sp_color_get_rgb_floatv(&style->fill.value.color, rgb);

        cairo_set_source_rgba(_cr, rgb[0], rgb[1], rgb[2], alpha);

    } else if (!style->fill.set) { // unset fill is black
        cairo_set_source_rgba(_cr, 0, 0, 0, alpha);

    } else {
        g_assert( style->fill.isPaintserver()
                  || SP_IS_GRADIENT(SP_STYLE_FILL_SERVER(style))
                  || SP_IS_PATTERN(SP_STYLE_FILL_SERVER(style)) );

        cairo_pattern_t *pattern = _createPatternForPaintServer(SP_STYLE_FILL_SERVER(style), pbox, alpha);

        if (pattern) {
            cairo_set_source(_cr, pattern);
            cairo_pattern_destroy(pattern);
        }
    }
}

void
CairoRenderContext::_setStrokeStyle(SPStyle const *style, NRRect const *pbox)
{
    float alpha = SP_SCALE24_TO_FLOAT(style->stroke_opacity.value);
    if (_state->merge_opacity)
        alpha *= _state->opacity;

    if (style->stroke.isColor()) {
        float rgb[3];
        sp_color_get_rgb_floatv(&style->stroke.value.color, rgb);

        cairo_set_source_rgba(_cr, rgb[0], rgb[1], rgb[2], alpha);
    } else {
        g_assert( style->fill.isPaintserver()
                  || SP_IS_GRADIENT(SP_STYLE_STROKE_SERVER(style))
                  || SP_IS_PATTERN(SP_STYLE_STROKE_SERVER(style)) );

        cairo_pattern_t *pattern = _createPatternForPaintServer(SP_STYLE_STROKE_SERVER(style), pbox, alpha);

        if (pattern) {
            cairo_set_source(_cr, pattern);
            cairo_pattern_destroy(pattern);
        }
    }

    if (style->stroke_dash.n_dash   &&
        style->stroke_dash.dash       )
    {
        cairo_set_dash(_cr, style->stroke_dash.dash, style->stroke_dash.n_dash, style->stroke_dash.offset);
    } else {
      cairo_set_dash(_cr, NULL, 0, 0.0);  // disable dashing
    }

    cairo_set_line_width(_cr, style->stroke_width.computed);

    // set line join type
    cairo_line_join_t join = CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_MITER;
    switch (style->stroke_linejoin.computed) {
      case SP_STROKE_LINEJOIN_MITER:
          join = CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_MITER;
          break;
      case SP_STROKE_LINEJOIN_ROUND:
          join = CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_ROUND;
          break;
      case SP_STROKE_LINEJOIN_BEVEL:
          join = CAIRO_LINE_JOIN_BEVEL;
          break;
    }
    cairo_set_line_join(_cr, join);

    // set line cap type
    cairo_line_cap_t cap = CAIRO_LINE_CAP_BUTT;
    switch (style->stroke_linecap.computed) {
      case SP_STROKE_LINECAP_BUTT:
          cap = CAIRO_LINE_CAP_BUTT;
          break;
      case SP_STROKE_LINECAP_ROUND:
          cap = CAIRO_LINE_CAP_ROUND;
          break;
      case SP_STROKE_LINECAP_SQUARE:
          cap = CAIRO_LINE_CAP_SQUARE;
          break;
    }
    cairo_set_line_cap(_cr, cap);
    cairo_set_miter_limit(_cr, MAX(1, style->stroke_miterlimit.value));
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::renderPathVector(Geom::PathVector const & pathv, SPStyle const *style, NRRect const *pbox)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    if (_render_mode == RENDER_MODE_CLIP) {
        if (_clip_mode == CLIP_MODE_PATH) {
            addClipPath(pathv, &style->fill_rule);
        } else {
            setPathVector(pathv);
            if (style->fill_rule.value == SP_WIND_RULE_EVENODD) {
                cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
            } else {
                cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
            }
            cairo_fill(_cr);
            TEST(cairo_surface_write_to_png (_surface, "pathmask.png"));
        }
        return true;
    }

    bool no_fill = style->fill.isNone() || style->fill_opacity.value == 0;
    bool no_stroke = style->stroke.isNone() || style->stroke_width.computed < 1e-9 ||
                    style->stroke_opacity.value == 0;

    if (no_fill && no_stroke)
        return true;

    bool need_layer = ( !_state->merge_opacity && !_state->need_layer &&
                        ( _state->opacity != 1.0 || _state->clip_path != NULL || _state->mask != NULL ) );

    if (!need_layer)
        cairo_save(_cr);
    else
        pushLayer();

    if (!no_fill) {
        _setFillStyle(style, pbox);
        setPathVector(pathv);

        if (style->fill_rule.value == SP_WIND_RULE_EVENODD) {
            cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
        } else {
            cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
        }

        if (no_stroke)
            cairo_fill(_cr);
        else
            cairo_fill_preserve(_cr);
    }

    if (!no_stroke) {
        _setStrokeStyle(style, pbox);
        if (no_fill)
            setPathVector(pathv);

        cairo_stroke(_cr);
    }

    if (need_layer)
        popLayer();
    else
        cairo_restore(_cr);

    return true;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::renderImage(guchar *px, unsigned int w, unsigned int h, unsigned int rs,
                                Geom::Matrix const *image_transform, SPStyle const *style)
{
    g_assert( _is_valid );

    if (_render_mode == RENDER_MODE_CLIP)
        return true;

    guchar* px_rgba = (guchar*)g_malloc(4 * w * h);
    if (!px_rgba)
        return false;

    float opacity;
    if (_state->merge_opacity)
        opacity = _state->opacity;
    else
        opacity = 1.0;

    // make a copy of the original pixbuf with premultiplied alpha
    // if we pass the original pixbuf it will get messed up
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < h; i++) {
      for (unsigned j = 0; j < w; j++) {
            guchar const *src = px + i * rs + j * 4;
            guint32 *dst = (guint32 *)(px_rgba + i * rs + j * 4);
            guchar r, g, b, alpha_dst;

            // calculate opacity-modified alpha
            alpha_dst = src[3];
            if (opacity != 1.0 && _vector_based_target)
                alpha_dst = (guchar)ceil((float)alpha_dst * opacity);

            // premul alpha (needed because this will be undone by cairo-pdf)
            r = src[0]*alpha_dst/255;
            g = src[1]*alpha_dst/255;
            b = src[2]*alpha_dst/255;

            *dst = (((alpha_dst) << 24) | (((r)) << 16) | (((g)) << 8) | (b));
      }
    }

    cairo_surface_t *image_surface = cairo_image_surface_create_for_data(px_rgba, CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32, w, h, w * 4);
    if (cairo_surface_status(image_surface)) {
        TRACE(("Image surface creation failed:\n%s\n", cairo_status_to_string(cairo_surface_status(image_surface))));
      return false;
    }

    // setup automatic freeing of the image data when destroying the surface
    static cairo_user_data_key_t key;
    cairo_surface_set_user_data(image_surface, &key, px_rgba, (cairo_destroy_func_t)g_free);

    cairo_save(_cr);

    // scaling by width & height is not needed because it will be done by Cairo
    if (image_transform)
        transform(image_transform);

    cairo_set_source_surface(_cr, image_surface, 0.0, 0.0);

    // set clip region so that the pattern will not be repeated (bug in Cairo-PDF)
    if (_vector_based_target) {
        cairo_new_path(_cr);
        cairo_rectangle(_cr, 0, 0, w, h);
        cairo_clip(_cr);
    }

    if (_vector_based_target)
        cairo_paint(_cr);
    else
        cairo_paint_with_alpha(_cr, opacity);

    cairo_restore(_cr);

    cairo_surface_destroy(image_surface);

    return true;
}

#define GLYPH_ARRAY_SIZE 64

unsigned int
CairoRenderContext::_showGlyphs(cairo_t *cr, PangoFont *font, std::vector<CairoGlyphInfo> const &glyphtext, bool path)
{
    cairo_glyph_t glyph_array[GLYPH_ARRAY_SIZE];
    cairo_glyph_t *glyphs = glyph_array;
    unsigned int num_glyphs = glyphtext.size();
    if (num_glyphs > GLYPH_ARRAY_SIZE)
        glyphs = (cairo_glyph_t*)g_malloc(sizeof(cairo_glyph_t) * num_glyphs);

    unsigned int num_invalid_glyphs = 0;
    unsigned int i = 0;
    for (std::vector<CairoGlyphInfo>::const_iterator it_info = glyphtext.begin() ; it_info != glyphtext.end() ; it_info++) {
        // skip glyphs which are PANGO_GLYPH_EMPTY (0x0FFFFFFF)
        // or have the PANGO_GLYPH_UNKNOWN_FLAG (0x10000000) set
        if (it_info->index == 0x0FFFFFFF || it_info->index & 0x10000000) {
            TRACE(("INVALID GLYPH found\n"));
            num_invalid_glyphs++;
            continue;
        }
        glyphs[i - num_invalid_glyphs].index = it_info->index;
        glyphs[i - num_invalid_glyphs].x = it_info->x;
        glyphs[i - num_invalid_glyphs].y = it_info->y;
        i++;
    }

    if (path) {
        cairo_glyph_path(cr, glyphs, num_glyphs - num_invalid_glyphs);
    } else {
        cairo_show_glyphs(cr, glyphs, num_glyphs - num_invalid_glyphs);
    }

    if (num_glyphs > GLYPH_ARRAY_SIZE)
        g_free(glyphs);

    return num_glyphs - num_invalid_glyphs;
}

bool
CairoRenderContext::renderGlyphtext(PangoFont *font, Geom::Matrix const *font_matrix,
                                    std::vector<CairoGlyphInfo> const &glyphtext, SPStyle const *style)
{
    // create a cairo_font_face from PangoFont
    double size = style->font_size.computed;
    gpointer fonthash = (gpointer)font;
    cairo_font_face_t *font_face = (cairo_font_face_t *)g_hash_table_lookup(font_table, fonthash);

    FcPattern *fc_pattern = NULL;

#ifdef USE_PANGO_WIN32
# ifdef CAIRO_HAS_WIN32_FONT
    LOGFONTA *lfa = pango_win32_font_logfont(font);
    LOGFONTW lfw;

    ZeroMemory(&lfw, sizeof(LOGFONTW));
    memcpy(&lfw, lfa, sizeof(LOGFONTA));
    MultiByteToWideChar(CP_OEMCP, MB_PRECOMPOSED, lfa->lfFaceName, LF_FACESIZE, lfw.lfFaceName, LF_FACESIZE);

    if(font_face == NULL) {
        font_face = cairo_win32_font_face_create_for_logfontw(&lfw);
        g_hash_table_insert(font_table, fonthash, font_face);
    }
# endif
#else
# ifdef CAIRO_HAS_FT_FONT
    PangoFcFont *fc_font = PANGO_FC_FONT(font);
    fc_pattern = fc_font->font_pattern;
    if(font_face == NULL) {
        font_face = cairo_ft_font_face_create_for_pattern(fc_pattern);
        g_hash_table_insert(font_table, fonthash, font_face);
    }
# endif
#endif

    cairo_save(_cr);
    cairo_set_font_face(_cr, font_face);

    if (fc_pattern && FcPatternGetDouble(fc_pattern, FC_PIXEL_SIZE, 0, &size) != FcResultMatch)
        size = 12.0;

    // set the given font matrix
    cairo_matrix_t matrix;
    _initCairoMatrix(&matrix, font_matrix);
    cairo_set_font_matrix(_cr, &matrix);

    if (_render_mode == RENDER_MODE_CLIP) {
        if (_clip_mode == CLIP_MODE_MASK) {
            if (style->fill_rule.value == SP_WIND_RULE_EVENODD) {
                cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_EVEN_ODD);
            } else {
                cairo_set_fill_rule(_cr, CAIRO_FILL_RULE_WINDING);
            }
            _showGlyphs(_cr, font, glyphtext, FALSE);
        } else {
            // just add the glyph paths to the current context
            _showGlyphs(_cr, font, glyphtext, TRUE);
        }
    } else {
        bool fill = false, stroke = false, have_path = false;
        if (style->fill.isColor() || style->fill.isPaintserver()) {
            fill = true;
        }

        if (style->stroke.isColor() || style->stroke.isPaintserver()) {
            stroke = true;
        }
        if (fill) {
            _setFillStyle(style, NULL);
            if (_is_texttopath) {
                _showGlyphs(_cr, font, glyphtext, true);
                have_path = true;
                if (stroke) cairo_fill_preserve(_cr);
                else cairo_fill(_cr);
            } else {
                _showGlyphs(_cr, font, glyphtext, false);
            }
        }
        if (stroke) {
            _setStrokeStyle(style, NULL);
            if (!have_path) _showGlyphs(_cr, font, glyphtext, true);
            cairo_stroke(_cr);
        }
    }

    cairo_restore(_cr);

//    if (font_face)
//        cairo_font_face_destroy(font_face);

    return true;
}

/* Helper functions */

void
CairoRenderContext::setPathVector(Geom::PathVector const &pv)
{
    cairo_new_path(_cr);
    addPathVector(pv);
}

void
CairoRenderContext::addPathVector(Geom::PathVector const &pv)
{
    feed_pathvector_to_cairo(_cr, pv);
}

void
CairoRenderContext::_concatTransform(cairo_t *cr, double xx, double yx, double xy, double yy, double x0, double y0)
{
    cairo_matrix_t matrix;

    cairo_matrix_init(&matrix, xx, yx, xy, yy, x0, y0);
    cairo_transform(cr, &matrix);
}

void
CairoRenderContext::_initCairoMatrix(cairo_matrix_t *matrix, Geom::Matrix const *transform)
{
    matrix->xx = (*transform)[0];
    matrix->yx = (*transform)[1];
    matrix->xy = (*transform)[2];
    matrix->yy = (*transform)[3];
    matrix->x0 = (*transform)[4];
    matrix->y0 = (*transform)[5];
}

void
CairoRenderContext::_concatTransform(cairo_t *cr, Geom::Matrix const *transform)
{
    _concatTransform(cr, (*transform)[0], (*transform)[1],
                     (*transform)[2], (*transform)[3],
                     (*transform)[4], (*transform)[5]);
}

static cairo_status_t
_write_callback(void *closure, const unsigned char *data, unsigned int length)
{
    size_t written;
    FILE *file = (FILE*)closure;

    written = fwrite (data, 1, length, file);

    if (written == length)
      return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    else
      return CAIRO_STATUS_WRITE_ERROR;
}

#include "clear-n_.h"

}  /* namespace Internal */
}  /* namespace Extension */
}  /* namespace Inkscape */

#undef TRACE
#undef TEST

/* End of GNU GPL code */


/*
  Local Variables:
  mode:c++
  c-file-style:"stroustrup"
  c-file-offsets:((innamespace . 0)(inline-open . 0)(case-label . +))
  indent-tabs-mode:nil
  fill-column:99
  End:
*/
// vim: filetype=cpp:expandtab:shiftwidth=4:tabstop=8:softtabstop=4:encoding=utf-8:textwidth=99 :

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