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choose.h

/*
 * choose.h
 *
 * Copyright 2006 Nathan Hurst <njh@mail.csse.monash.edu.au>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it either under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation
 * (the "LGPL") or, at your option, under the terms of the Mozilla
 * Public License Version 1.1 (the "MPL"). If you do not alter this
 * notice, a recipient may use your version of this file under either
 * the MPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the LGPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-LGPL-2.1; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
 * You should have received a copy of the MPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-MPL-1.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
 * Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY
 * OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the LGPL or the MPL for
 * the specific language governing rights and limitations.
 *
 */

#ifndef _CHOOSE_H
#define _CHOOSE_H

// XXX: Can we keep only the left terms easily? 
// this would more than halve the array
// row index becomes n2 = n/2, row2 = n2*(n2+1)/2, row = row2*2+(n&1)?n2:0
// we could also leave off the ones

template <typename T>
T choose(unsigned n, unsigned k) {
    static std::vector<T> pascals_triangle;
    static unsigned rows_done = 0;
    // indexing is (0,0,), (1,0), (1,1), (2, 0)...
    // to get (i, j) i*(i+1)/2 + j
    if(k < 0 || k > n) return 0;
    if(rows_done <= n) {// we haven't got there yet
        if(rows_done == 0) {
            pascals_triangle.push_back(1);
            rows_done = 1;
        }
        while(rows_done <= n) {
            unsigned p = pascals_triangle.size() - rows_done;
            pascals_triangle.push_back(1);
            for(unsigned i = 0; i < rows_done-1; i++) {
                pascals_triangle.push_back(pascals_triangle[p] 
                                           + pascals_triangle[p+1]);
            p++;
            }
            pascals_triangle.push_back(1);
            rows_done ++;
        }
    }
    unsigned row = (n*(n+1))/2;
    return pascals_triangle[row+k];
}

#endif

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